41 Types of Drums from Countries in The World

Bata Drum

The drum is a member of the percussion group of musical instruments. In the Hornbostel-Sachs classification system, it is a membranophone with only two tubes or flaps, as its working characteristics can be found in that classification.

1. Aburukuwa

Aburukuwa via thelastnewsmusic

Musical instrument consisting of a wooden frame with a cone/tick organ made of Japanese horn and wiper valves. (1969.) Singular, better known as Opiate of the masses, Opiate is a small scale drum (11″ x 6″ x 3 1/2″) made in India. It is similar in appearance to the Indian Chhuta, but has a different, more simplistic shape and louder sounds. Musical instrument consisting of a wooden frame with a cone/tick organ made of Japanese horn and wiper valves.(1969.)

2. Ashiko

Ashiko via malicoundadance

Heavy-duty military-spec drum, suitable for live performances. Comes with a white tom stand that has groove grooves on the end for mounting to a stage. Original plating and silver hardware with matching plastics; does not require any varnish. If you need this heavy-duty-grade, mountable bass drum, you are welcome to contact us by sending an email

3. Bara

Bara via africandrumming

Guitars and other strings have to be swung to the right to be played while drums play on the left. ” Born in 1957, Dutch guitarist Joel Hamburger got his instrument when he was about 9 or 10 years old. He originally started playing his electric guitar, but then he wanted to move to a drumset and so bought his first chromatic stand-alone guitar. Over time, Hamburger started to study his instrument more and more, and in 1979 he put together the band Grapevine (Hamburger, Wendy Franke, Frank Wiesner, Stanhulster, Jan Harms

4. Bass Drum

Bass Drum dari Ludwig
Bass Drum dari Ludwig

Pitch bass drums have one or more timbres tuned to vibrate in relation to the notes in the music. In so doing, the timbre creates a musical pitch that is at a higher level than that of the actual note. Pitch drum sets are used primarily in the brass, piano, organ, and flute genres. Concert bass drums are used for orchestras, rock, jazz, bluegrass, and other styles of music in which harmony is important and the performer does not need to use

5. Batá

Bata Drum
Bata Drum via africandrumming

Size The batá drum measures approximately 2 feet long, 3/4 inch in diameter and can weigh up to 35 pounds. Composition The batá drum is made of a common wood, Azolla. The batá drum is made of a common wood, Azolla. Smoking The batá drum must be smoked by percussion for 3 to 5 weeks. The secret is contained in the interior of the drum. The “secret” is that the body of the drum has a lime-juice flavoring.

6. Bedug

The bedug is one of the drums It is used among Muslims in Java for religious purposes and gamelan. But African tribes still tune in to the radio in Africa’s other music tradition, the gamelan. There are more than two million followers in Indonesia, mostly from Papua and Sulawesi in West Kalimantan, Indonesia’s most populous province. Gamelan music can trace its roots back to Indonesia’s first singer in the 15th century. “You have to be careful,” said Balasubramani, the Indonesian government’s expert on the indigenous ethnic Indonesian language.

7. Bodhrán

According to Ronan Nolan who is a musician and former editor of Irish Music magazine, the bodhrán evolved in the mid-19th century from the tambourine, which can be heard on some Irish music recordings dating back to the 1920s and viewed in a pre-Famine painting. But over time, the boëthón was increasingly used to fill out the melody, later evolving into a female instrument and given a particular sound. By the early 20th century, the roll became common on Irish folk music, much of it recorded on magnetic discs, and various guitar players began using the instrument on a regular basis. The cowbell was first heard in the Sixties, with the first written boëthón song,

8. Bongo Drums

Bongos are an Afro-Cuban percussion instrument consisting of a pair of small open bottomed drums of different sizes. In Spanish the larger drum is called the hembra (female) and the smaller the macho (male). These distinctive drums are commonly known in the trade as “Bongos”, “Jullas”, “Chuchos” and “Lapros” (all pronounced by the common dinero/Cuban slang “chúrach” or “jullo”). Practitioners of javalin use a variety of different techniques for producing the various harmonic structures required for performing as a jazz band. Bongos are produced using a number of different materials. Most commonly available is a piece of

9. Bougarabou

A bougarabou is a set of drums commonly used in West Africa. The rhythm is also often recorded on the third note, which is a frequent feature in traditional or African rhythms. Compare that to the sixteenth note in “Walking on Broken Glass”. There is a similar type of “threading” to this in 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 32, and 64, but it’s smaller and runs from the drumhead through the bass drum. is a set of drums commonly used in West Africa. The rhythm is also often recorded on the third note, which is a frequent feature in traditional or African rhythms. Compare that to the sixteenth note in “Walking on Broken Glass

10. Cajón

A cajón is a box-shaped percussion instrument originally from Peru, played by slapping the front or rear faces (generally thin plywood) with the hands, fingers, or sometimes implements such as brushes, mallets, or sticks, while a sound is created through a stringed or unpiedorconical percussion instrument played with a bow. Its presence at a water window is associated with celebrations, festivals, and festivities. The musical instrument originates from the Yoruba subgroup of the Mande culture, where it is used in weddings and celebrations and within the annual religious ceremonies of the Yoruba people of West Africa.

11. Candombe Drums

The tambores de candombe or tamboriles are drums used in the playing of Candombe music of Uruguay. svenar is the native name for the ingredients of rum and sugar used in Uruguayan liqueurs and “cachaça” made in the country, especially in Montevideo. Ferenc Poltánek, the manager of the Lancas del Prado winery in Montevideo and head of the International Wine Competition, puts it succinctly when he said that “is an extra-ethnic country full of color and wonderful human moments.” He went on to add that “it’s such a loving, warm place.”

12. Chalice Drum

The goblet drum is a single head membranophone with a goblet shaped body used mostly in Egypt, also in parts of the Middle East, North Africa, South Asia, and Eastern Europe. Recent work has uncovered an extension of a cylindrical specimen from C1 in the Royal Ontario Museum and evidence that it may have been an animal (Ref. 32). It now appears that this is a troglodyte, another genus of multicellular bilaterians that lack a free skeleton and are also sometimes called arthropods. They are described in more detail below. To our knowledge, no other currently known examples of this tube-shaped artifact are known. We will share more details as they are available.

13. Chenda

The Chanda is a cylindrical percussion instrument used widely in the state of Kerala, Tulu Nadu of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu in India. In Tulu Nadu (Coastal Karnataka), it is known as chende. It is greatly identified as a cultural element in Kerala. It is sometimes served in tea shops to wash the kitchen floor and serve more than the traditional flavour tea. Often also the Chanda is thrown in the garbage to find its way into the sea as it is also used for ‘meal’ by both Adivasis and Non Adivasi. in Kerala. It is made of bamboo and is usually woven into a three-fingered circular mat.

14. Cocktail Drum

Cocktail drums were first put into production in the 1940s with the Carlton combo kit, consisting of a vertical 20 inch bass drum, a snare drum, cymbal and other assorted percussion. Whilst designed to duplicate a real full-sized snare drum, the resonant top of the plectrum used in Carlton choruses, tended to vibrate while sounding good. This led to some massive booms when running the sessions live, which some people would freak out over. Most players nowadays use soft digital soft racks. Over the years custom ones have been developed from scratch, as have electronic effects units (which can be used to provide distortion or filtering).

15. Conga

The conga, also known as tumbadora, is a tall, narrow, single-headed drum from Cuba. Since it is similar to a tambourine, it’s often mistakenly referred to as a tambourine. However, the tumbadora has a thicker head that yields more richly-scented and fresh-smelling “sour” notes. I’ve learned to like tumbadors (as opposed to trumpets), although it’s tough to get them to do a tumbador dance. (And Tumbadores always seem to strike a pose and wail for hours after a gig, during which they start spraying the audience with sprinkles.)

16. Crowdy-Crawn

A crowdy-crawn is a wooden hoop covered with sheepskin used as a percussion instrument in western Cornwall at least as early as 1880 (Lewis, 54). Its use was apparently sporadic until the 1950s, possibly as a novelty. The percussion capabilities of this instrument can be greatly improved by using a pendulum as an armature, as is suggested by the following anecdote (Simmons, 245-6; Taylor, 1:2, 4-5): A cowboy riding in a corral of Oklahoma brought his corral over to the bait store in Amherst, on the New York State line. Among the cattle, at a particular edge of the corral, a hoof fell upon a sheepskin hanging from a spike hanging.

17. Darbuka

The Eastern and North-African goblet drums are played under the arm or resting on the player’s leg, with a much lighter touch and quite different strokes (sometimes including rolls or quick rhythms articulated with the fingertips) to hand drums such as the djembe, found in West Africa. “The beauty of the one drum rule for one of the most widely used drum types, the djembe, is that there is no master. There’s no beginning or end for a player to learn in the exercise,” said Furtado. “The great advantage of the one-drum-rule approach is that the drummers can move on to many other techniques.”

18. Damphu

A damphu is a percussion instrument similar to a large tambourine. This instrument is used by the Tamang people to play the melodious Tamang Selo. According to folklore Damphu was invented by Peng Dorje a Tamang King[1] and named it after Nepal’s national bird the Daphne bird. How can a musical instrument made up of bamboo and wood and wearing a bamboo handle and a string (like a tom-tom or harp) in the hands have any real sound? The Damphu is just that. It consists of bamboo sticks and a piece of wood with strings. That’s it, pretty basic. But to make it a “musical instrument” it

19. Davul

The davul, tapan, atabal or tabl is a large double-headed drum that is played with mallets. It has many names depending on the country and region. These drums are commonly used in the music of Middle East. The davul is a unique treble mallet with a large, double-headed head, similar to a mortar or dudgeon, used in the Arab world. It can be found in Yemen, the area of southern Saudi Arabia, Oman, Egypt, Syria and Lebanon, and in Egypt, the Horn of Africa, and Syria.

20. Dayereh

A dayereh (or doyra, dojra, dajre, doira, dajreja, daire) is a medium-sized frame drum with jingles, used to accompany both popular and classical music in Bukharan Jews, Iran (Persia), Azerbaijan (known as qaval), the Caucasus, the Balkans, and many Central Asian countries such as Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. In this society the old women called dojra lived in special dwellings and did not ride on horseback. They could play on the doje (dum-cheke) in their villages and became very popular when the robed men of the village found women who had the practice of playin

21. Dhak

The dhak (Bengali: ঢাক) is a huge membranophone instrument from India. The shapes differ from the almost cylindrical to the barrel. Indonesia Malacca Malaysian sampong instruments Traditional instrument from the town of Chakapthambu. This instrument is considered to be one of the best in the world. It consists of drums, rattles, thorns, strings, and other components. (MacGillivray: 1989).

22. Dhimay

Dhimay, Dhimaya (Nepal Bhasa: धिमय्) or Dhime (धिमे) is a drum, and according to the Sachs-Hornbostel classification belongs to the category of double-headed cylindrical membranophone. It is regarded as belonging to the group of polyphonic or flat-shaped from the membranophone referred to below. The longer part of the drum is called the soma, the larger part the karahra and the smaller part the chira. It is constructed by a simple cord with wooden or bronze joint.

23. Dhol

Dhol can refer to any one of a number of similar types of double-headed drum widely used, with regional variations, throughout the Indian subcontinent. Another variation of this drum, the Sanjan, was also introduced into North America by early Italian and Spanish explorers. It seems that this form was more common in the north than the other form; the thick and prominent head of the Dhol can refer to any one of a number of similar types of double-headed drum widely used, with regional variations, throughout the Indian subcontinent. Khush – Khush was the ancient name of a city located in South Asia. It is also mentioned in a work of the 19th century British historian B. C. Joseph as an Indian place name

24. Dholak

The dholak is a two-headed hand-drum from the Indian subcontinent. It may have traditional cotton rope lacing, screw-turnbuckle tensioning or both combined: in the first case steel rings are used for tuning or pegs are twisted inside the laces. In the latter case the pegs are turned inside the laces to align the tension lugs or flat-nosed brass pegs with the brace. Many builders have ended their dholaks with tensioning through P.E.K. and P.G.K. screw-threaded lugs.

25. Djembe

A djembe or jembe is a rope-tuned skin-covered goblet drum played with bare hands, originally from West Africa, in the dance of Sango.da da da da da da: sound that winds the tonal poles in Sango music. A djembe or jembe is a rope-tuned skin-covered goblet drum played with bare hands, originally from West Africa, in the dance of Sango.

26. Dong Son Drum

A Dong Son drum is a bronze drum fabricated by the Dong Son culture in the Red River Delta of northern Vietnam. Dubbed “the jewel of the provinces” and “the future of rhythm music”, the drums are their only means of transportation. The company who makes the drums is based in Hanoi and known as Sang Baong Global, a subsidiary of Hanoi-based Dong Son Gu.

27. Doumbek

A Dong Son drum is a bronze drum fabricated by the Dong Son culture in the Red River Delta of northern Vietnam. Dubbed “the jewel of the provinces” and “the future of rhythm music”, the drums are their only means of transportation. The company who makes the drums is based in Hanoi and known as Sang Baong Global, a subsidiary of Hanoi-based Dong Son Gu

28. Dunun

Dunun is the generic name for a family of West African drums that have developed alongside the djembe in the Mande drum ensemble. It is believed to have been developed as a family of drums, as of the first decade of the 20th century. Known in Mali, Niger and West Africa, but also in Ghana and Nigeria, the drum, or kala, has been played in villages by people and also played by the Yoruba god Moses in the temple of the Catholic Church in Konna, just south of the Niger Delta. Most of the kala is made of urea glue and laid out in groups of ten.The earliest recorded examples of djembe were introduced from West Africa and are preserved in Efasine in central Mali.

29. Ewe Drum

Ewe music is the music of the Ewe people of Togo, Ghana, and Benin, West Africa. Instrumentation is primarily percussive and rhythmically the music features great metrical complexity. Ewe music spans genres, and is found in a wide variety of contexts ranging from spirituals to pop songs. The Mino family who became many of the principal musicians in the Ewe music were at one time led by my great grandfather, Dixolela Mino. Although not related by blood, my paternal great grandfather George Mino provided musical inspiration for my father’s second wife Rose. Ewe music is unique in many respects, and speaks of the Ewe people in a way that most other African languages cannot

30. Frame Drum

A frame drum is a drum that has a drumhead width greater than its depth. In the clip, the ceiling gun is measured at 3 in. The 1 in. rim is almost double the height of the frame drum at 12 in. When a rim is placed on the surface of the drum, rim length becomes irrelevant. The depth of the rim is the measure of that depth, even if it is smaller than the rim itself. The rim becomes narrower at both ends, but the pressure is the same in both holes of the drum.

31. Goblet Drum

Here are three main sounds produced by the goblet drum. The first is called the “doom”. It is the deeper bass sound produced by striking the head near the center with the length of the fingers and palm and taking off the hand for an open sound. This drum sound can be a bit difficult to get a handle on, it often sounds strange. The second sound is called the “bow” in medieval Europe. It is a low growl that can be a little a bit too strangled when played at low speed. The third sound, made when the back of the hands, up by the bones, pushes the sound forward, or when the push is used at high speed is called the “the back flute”.

32. Hand Drum

A hand drum is any type of drum that is typically played with the bare hand rather than a stick, mallet, hammer, or other type of beater. Hand drums are found throughout the world, typically being found on the heads of cattle and horses. A hand drum is generally a circular device of little more than ten inches in diameter and approximately six inches high and is used as a percussion instrument or a body percussion instrument for other types of percussion instruments such as tambourines, zithers, and the like.

33. Ilimba Drum

The Ilimba Drum is a musical instrument from Zimbabwe. The body of the drum is made from the hard outer shell of a gourd. This shell contains the snares for which the drum is known. The bhok, or the string, is made from the leg of a goat, which is made soft by tying the thick outer skin of the leg together with leather. The arod, or the leaf, is made by applying a wax from the abdomen of a camel

34. Karyenda

The karyenda is a traditional African drum. It was the main symbol of Burundi and its Mwami (King) and had semi-divine status. The Mwami was said to interpret the beatings of the karyenda into rules for the kingdom. The spikula was a symbol of youth in Burundi. The kerrymen were the soldiers of the Mwami. They played music with one hand while fighting with the other. They were frequently tied with a single string around their neck and would run until they could escape.

35. Kendang

Kendang is a two-headed drum used by peoples from Maritime Southeast Asia. The two heads measure between 8.4″ to 13.3″ in diameter, and have a hand-formed conical hole in the center. The tails are often at the end of the body and many of the spinners were constructed as containers for pots. Heljib is a Turkish metal sculpture that is both a metal drum and a basket. It’s known as “poblic” in Turkish and is usually either one or three heads, adorned with decorative bells or goat’s horns.

36. Kpanlogo

Kpanlogo is a type of drum that is associated with kpanlogo music. The drum originates from the Ga people of the Greater Accra Region in Ghana, West Africa. Even though the kpanlogo is not actually the origin of this drum, kpanlogo is the name of the genre of kpanlogo music in which the kpanlogo is used as the rhythm. Kpower is a dance that is characterized by several rhythmic elements: the bow is modified, flairs are used, chain moves are performed, and basic palm slides are utilized. This style originated in the Amapa community of Ssangira, Ghana.

37. Lambeg Drum

A Lambeg drum is a large Irish drum, beaten with curved malacca canes, and either slightly, or more seriously, on strings of wood or animal sinew. In the hands of its creator, a fresh Lambeg was a potent thing of beauty and strength and power. Perhaps there is a sense of that origin in the lines of the music of Louis Prima, played on the body of a supposed early-twentieth-century Romanian fiddler called Nemesita Novogratova, whose composer and master was the estimable Radu Ciganovic. These lines represent the possibility, in a way that exists in every living human brain, of a unity in diversity. There is a sense of nemesis in the fragment from Charles

38. Log Drum

A slit drum is a hollow percussion instrument. In spite of the name, it is not a true drum but an idiophone, usually carved or constructed from bamboo or wood into a box with one or more slits in the top. No strings are attached to a slit drum, although some older sanshin players will make a loud ringing sound when they strike the drum with a mallet. The rim of a slit drum acts as a percussion surface, often filling with lint and impregnating the wood with moisture. Although it sounds like a drum, there is no percussion instrument with a diameter greater than 3 inches and a depth less than 1 inch.

39. Madal

The madal is a folk musical instrument of Nepal . The Madal (Nepali: मादल), is used mainly for rhythm-keeping in Nepalese folk music. It is very popular and widely used as hand drum in Nepal. I must confess to liking the Madal. It’s not terribly difficult to make. But make sure you don’t mess with the design. Or the modern-day overachievers! Rather I had made this one first, after some good advice from a Facebook friend of mine. So here we go.

40. Mridangam

The mridangam is a percussion instrument of ancient origin. It is the primary rhythmic accompaniment in a Carnatic music ensemble. During a percussion ensemble, the mridangam is often accompanied by the ghatam, kanjira, and morsinga. According to Datta Das, the mridangam is used to “stir up” the people by carrying out rhythmic background noise (dramatic music) in a deep reverberating tone.The mridangam has six pieces:1) dara mridangam – an aural texture consisting of dense reverberating notes (a horizontal accent indicates a sombre note).2) ghatam – a ghat is the basic percussion instrument that

41. Pahu

The pahu or paʻu is a traditional musical instrument found in Polynesia: Hawaii, Tahiti, Cook Islands, Samoa, and Tokelau. ʻāina, the Hawaiians name for this instrument, is found throughout Polynesia and is the name given to them by all other Polynesian groups. Polynesian Indians have played it for generations in their own musical instrument traditions. Polynesian instruments are common in every major East Asia Pacific island nation and in other major Polynesian societies around the world.

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